Cheddar Man is the oldest discovered Skeleton in Great Britain.
It was discovered in Gough’s Cave near in Bristol in 1903, 115 years ago.
Cheddar Skeleton is about 10.000 years old but the team of the London National History Museum, lead by Ian Barnes, managed to recover the full genome from its skull’s temporal bone.
This analysis is the first to be done on a Briton of the Mesolithic age.
The genome has been analyzed with the researchers of University College London to recreate the probable physical aspect of the Cheddar man.
He had dark hair skin and blue eyes.
Dutch artist Alfons and Adrie Kennis were hired to recreate the appearance of the Cheddar Man using both genome information and scans from the skulls
(Facial Reconstruction of the Cheddar Man, source National Geographic)
Much more information is retrievable through out genome analysis, for example it can be supposed that the man lived in the Mesolithic era, about 5000-10000 years before Christ and has similar genome to the Hunter-Gatherers found in Spain, Luxembourg and Hungary and he was unable to drink milk as an adult.
The bones of the Cheddar man are another source of useful information. The cracks on the skull suggest that he could have died by an incident or in a violent manner. Cut marks on the bones could mean that these people cannibalized their dead. The length of the bones suggest that the man was tall about 1,52 meters and died in his twenties.
White skin trait is much more recent. It is theorized that about 6.000 year ago pale skin populations migrated from the Middle East to Britain after the ice age. The trait was probably developed to address a lack of Vitamin D in the pale skin population. A lighter Skin allows less protection to solar radiation but more capability to synthetize Vitamin D in their Skin.
Cheddar man population was probably absorbed by the paler skin populations. In fact living resident of Cheddar village where found to have similar DNA to the Cheddar man in their mitochondria.
It is esteemed that Present-Day Europeans owe on average 10% of their ancestry to Mesolithic hunters like the Cheddar Man.
These findings will be published in a Journal and be featured on a United Kingdom Documentary of Channel 4 called “ The First Brit, Secret of the 10.000 years old Man”